Child Abuse

Categories of Child Abuse

~ Child abuse can occur singly or any combination of the above

NB ~ Domestic violence puts children at risk, it can be a significant factor relevant to suspected child abuse.

Recognition of Non Accidental Injury (NAI)

The actual injury should equate to the mechanism/history of the injury as well as the development ability of the child.

Points to remember ~

Therefore your priorities are:

NAI is an emotive issue, your priority is to act in the best interests of the child at all times to ensure that the child is kept physically and emotionally safe.


Information reproduced from study notes kindly donated by Tracie Kendrew, Paediatric Emergency Nurse Practitioner

More Reading: Child Abuse and Neglect

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What is Petechiae?

  • Petechiae is described as pinpoint flat round red spots under the skin caused by intradermal haemorrhage (bleeding into the skin). Petechiae are red because they contain red blood that has leaked from the capillaries into the skin. Petechiae are quite tiny (less than 3 millimetres in diameter) and do not blanch when pressed upon.